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Freight transportation: which option to choose?

Transportation is a means of moving objects. It is the movement of valuable objects such as goods, people, livestock. Marketing and supply usually depend on transport. Therefore, it is essential to distinguish the best means of transporting goods while evaluating the factors that can impact on transport. Find the one that best suits the needs and requirements of the company, the most advantageous and the one that can guarantee the transport of the goods and the delivery time. To transport parcels, the interested party can choose among the five existing means, depending on the destination and the type of goods to be transported.

Road transportation

It is the most convenient transport, everyone uses it. It is the most used transport on a daily basis. It is used to ship and receive goods, various agricultural products and supplies and raw materials that everyone needs in everyday life. This type of transport is economically suitable for all products requiring special protection, with heavy vehicles that can contain and transport tons of objects. This type of transport delivers packages in a timely manner regardless of the distance travelled. It is a favourable mode of transportation for commercial and real estate professionals. By opting for this mode of transportation, these professionals can accelerate their delivery and routing of their parcels, except for a delivery that must go by sea or river.

Maritime and inland waterway transportation

Sea and inland waterway transport are convenient for shipping goods in large quantities to another country or region without road access. These modes of transportation are profitable for transporting goods in containers. They are most commonly used for transporting vehicles, but sea and river transport take longer for delivery. Parcels via other countries are sometimes transited by ship but without taking into account the time and date of delivery. However, when sending items by sea, certain conditions must be respected for security reasons. Sea freight is one of the most popular shipping services for the transportation of goods, also thanks to the existing port logistics. Furthermore, sea freight is flexible for all kinds of goods due to the large storage capacity. Companies and large commercial enterprises can choose sea and inland waterway transport to ship their goods in large quantities and volumes. The weight of the objects to be transported has an impact on the price of the transport, but it is very economical compared to air transportation.

Air transportation

Air freight is intended for sending special, sometimes very urgent and technically fragile parcels. It is an important means and element of logistics. It is considered the most expensive means of transportation, but in general, the price of air transport depends on the weight of the packages and goods to be shipped as well as on the duration of the shipment, since delivery is practically fast with air transport, but all goods have to pass through the customs service located at any airport. Air freight is favourable for entrepreneurs, as well as suppliers of computer equipment, electronic devices and private individuals who need to send urgent parcels and goods. Choosing this type of transport is a good option for them. Air freight also allows for the shipment of goods by cargo plane. The freight company is responsible for all the transport and movement of the goods.

Railway transportation

It is a common means of transportation for commercial purposes, but combined with road transportation for delivery, as it stops right at the station. Rail freight is much faster and cheaper than other modes of transportation. But what is beneficial for rail transport is that it allows to transport goods in large quantities even for a long distance. There are some companies that transport their customer’s goods by rail for all types of cargo to ensure fast delivery within the time limit of the package. Dangerous goods such as gases, flammable liquids and explosive materials, as well as tanks and wagons containing toxic and/or radioactive substances can also be transported by rail. For companies producing chemicals and flammable liquids, rail transportation is therefore a favourable option for the transportation of their products. It should be mentioned that the transportation of dangerous goods by rail is governed by the European Union’s Safety Act concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail. Nowadays, international rail transportation is flexible regarding the speed of the convoy. 

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